Informative article about the spice Long Coriander (culantro), its botany, chemistry, history and cross-cultural culinary usage. Culantro (Eryngium foetidum L., Apiaceae) is a biennial herb indigenous to continental Tropical America and the West Indies. Although widely used in dishes . Perennial herbs, cm high, aromatic; roots tuberous; stems dichotomously branched, deeply striate. Leaves simple; lamina ca. x cm.
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Eleni Foetkdum, Academic Editor. Chemical constituents of essential oil of the leaves of Eryngium foetidum from Bangladesh. Culantro is increasingly becoming a crop of international trade mainly to meet the demands of ethnic populations in the developed countries of the West. A significant constituent of the essential oil of the plant is Edodecenal “eryngial”with isomers of trimethylbenzaldehyde being present in lesser proportions.
Eryngium foetidum L.: a review.
Culantro is reported to be rich in calcium, iron, carotene, and riboflavin. Recent research to prevent bolting and early flowering will increase fletidum leaf yields and consequently its demand. Journal List Medicines Basel v. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc.
The leaves are febrifuge, laxative. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Checklists specific search options Observed during. The most popular and ubiquitous example is salsaa spicy sauce prepared from tomatoes, garlic, onion, lemon juice, with liberal amounts of chiles.
San Juan, Puerto Rico. Eryngium foetidum is a tap-rooted biennial herb with long, evenly branched roots Fig.
Free radical scavenging capacity of the volatile oils was determined using 2, 2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl DPPH and ferric reducing antioxidant power FRAP assays. Ergngium leaves Photograph by: In addition, a number of Eryngium species have been investigated for their essential oil composition, such as E.
The strong antioxidant activity exhibited by the E.
Although used in small quantities, its pungent unique aroma gives the characteristic flavor to the dishes in which it is incorporated and this is responsible for its increasing demand among ethnic populations.
The genus name foetidus is Latin and means stinking, bad smelling, ugly ; similar names are also found in modern languages, e. A popular Caribbean seasoning herb eyngium folk medicine.
Shaded areas produce plants with larger and greener leaves that are more marketable because of their better appearance and higher pungent aroma. Send a request for permission.
Essential oil composition of the different parts of Eryngium corniculatum Lam. Most are spiny ornamental herbs with thick roots and fleshy waxy leaves with blue flowers in cymose heads. It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. DPPH radical scavenging activity of E.
In Asia, culantro is most popular in Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore where it is commonly used with or in lieu of cilantro and topped over soups, noodle dishes, and curries. Phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Eryngium L. The oils are a potential source of natural antioxidant as demonstrated by their strong antioxidant activity.
It is sometimes used as a substitute for eryngimbut it has a much stronger taste. They can be steamed and served with rice.
Eryngium foetidum L.: a review.
Not for the casual reader. It grows naturally throughout many Caribbean islands including Trinidad and Tobago, where it is abundant in forests particularly in disturbed areas as in slash and burn sites. A very aromatic, glabrous, erect perennial herb. Related observations Show all. Plants are usually started from seed which germinate in about 30 days, and for home or backyard gardens can be cultivated erynigum containers or wooden boxes.
Published online Apr Lower absorbance of the reaction mixture indicated higher free radical activity.
Eryngium foetidum L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal
This aromatic herb is used to increase taste in various curries. This section with questionable factual accuracy needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources. The root is abortifacient, febrifuge, stomachic, sudorific.
Leaf shows antimicrobial activity. Composition of the leaf and root oil of Eryngium foetidum L. This was demonstrated by the oils ability to act as hydrogen atoms or electrons donor in the conversion of the stable purple coloured DPPH to the reduced yellow coloured DPPH-H.