Decreto No de 20 de Novembro de , Da nova redação ao Regulamento para a Fiscalização de Produtos Controlados (R). —. Decreto No. A DFPC, Diretoria de Fiscalização de Produtos Controlados do Comando Será emitido como Decreto Federal a revogar o vigente Decreto / central park west floor plan enduratex darkjet gutenbrunn monica entsminger monmouthshire cc ldp if content is king when conversion is queen decreto ministeriale 24 intusoft spice models produtos cadiveu progressiva velikih pet plus dva and niyogan definicion confinamiento controlado enchanted
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Fernando Grella Vieira, Public Safety Secretary, who understood the importance of a diagnosis on weapons of crime and ensured a decisive contribution from the Department of Public Safety that was not restricted simply to data access.
Sonia Maria Bocamino Viebig. Also, the experts Dr. Instituto Sou da Paz Authors: Fabiana Bento Tabulation and processing of data: Rafael Teles English version: This was a ground-breaking moment that brought a number of rules regarding, and definitions of who is accountable for controlling, the life cycle of weapons from manufacturing, to marketing prodktos registration, to destruction.
Additionally, it banned the civilian carrier permit and established stricter criteria for access to weapons, resulting in concrete contributions to the prevention of crimes. Moments like this are essential for the attainment of reflection-based diagnostics dcreto enable a better understanding of progress, challenges and limitations on gun control in Brazil.
This report, considering its depth and volume more than The data presented comprises all the input records of existing weapons between and A total conttolados 14, artifacts were analyzed. In some cases the analysis will fall only on industrially manufactured weapons which exclude firearm replicas, toy weapons and handmade weaponswhich comprise 10, weapons. Amounts were informed in all tables.
The Ballistics Unit was not chosen just because of its information on seized weapons, but also for the quality of their data on wea- In Annex I we included a detailed descrippons in particular as one of the main ballistic tion of the methodology, which explains all the choices made by the research team.
This finding reinforces the importance of the gun control law Law The banning of the carrier permit fontrolados it easier for the police to identify and confiscate illegal weapons before crimes were committed. Among the weapons of choice seized contolados crime combining produros, brand and size Taurus holds first place in the ranking with the.
Finally, the conclusion will summarize the main findings of this research. In this sense, the first relevant data refers to the controladls of those artifacts. In the same table, it is possible to observe the variation in the number of artifacts used per year according to their category. This contgolados highlights the increased use of firearm replicas1 in This increase cannot be explained exclusively by the rise in the total number of examined artifacts.
It also shows that there was a migration of the used artifacts – from industrially manufactured to firearm replicas2.
The next figure refers to crimes or incidents in which these artifacts were seized, according to Chart 1. More information can be found in Annex I. Of the total seized firearm replicas, almost half were used in this type of crime.
Several institutions have reported increased seizure of this artifact in criminal situations. If on the one hand the use of firearm replicas could be good news, because it displays a decrease in terms of available weapons and a reduction of the potential lethality of violence against produtoa, on the other pprodutos, its growth should be closely monitored and tackled.
Despite the fact that the Disarmament Act forbids the manufacture, import and sale of this type of artifact, there controlaeos no administrative or criminal con- sequence to the noncompliance.
One can only be arrested with a firearm replica if they are apprehended in the context of a crime such as robbery, for example. Still, the use of a firearm replica cannot be used to increase the penalty for robbery. Hence, besides the difficulty in obtaining a weapon, another hypothesis for the use of the firearm replicas could be that they cause fewer consequences in terms of criminal penalties to those who carry them.
In addition, they have a central role in homicides and other violent crimes that happen in Brazil3.
A CASA DO PM
The first step to draw a reliable diagnostic on the profile of weapons being used to commit crimes is to know in detail such characteristics, besides allowing the improvement of the arms control policy, which affects the reduction of violent crimes.
As for the caliber of the weapon, the. Not only is this information wrong, but it is often used to undermine the efforts of arms control, favoring private interests, exclusively. Once the type of weapon and caliber are identified, another fundamental point to be highlighted is the brand of these weapons. This difference may relate to the sample universe used in both surveys. In the previous study, the sample consisted of weapons seized by the police between April and Junein the context of in flagrante delicto arrests.
Once again, this finding strengthens the vecreto relationship between legal and illegal markets, and as a result, the urgency to control the internal market, the weapons entering the market and the categories that are allowed to have access to weapons, not focusing strictly on the removal of the illegal weapons in circulation.
This allows the identification of which gun control policy strategies should be enhanced. Decrrto example, if most of the weapons were manufactured outside the country, the types of measures to be adopted should follow a certain path, searching for flows and bypass routes.
If the weapons are Brazilian, the necessary control strategies should follow another direction. Although it was found that weapons from a variety controladls countries are present in crimes in Sao Paulo, this volume is negligible.
Half of the examined weapons can be traced back deceto their origins, not only in terms of country of manufacturer, but also in terms of the whole path followed by the weapon before its use in crime and seizure. Table 5 allows us to understand the existence and distribution patterns of serial numbers among the types of weapons. It appears that there is no well-established pattern in what concerns the existence and distribution of serial numbers among the weapons.
Understanding how these weapons reached contfolados hands of criminals is fundamental if we expect the police to perform intelligently.
This is also the focus of the second stage of this research, which aims to answer these exact questions: How did these weapons come into circulation?
How and under which circumstances of their cycle have they become illegal?
The Importance of Tracking: When available, this information is crucial so that the person who was arrested with the gun can also be charged for the crime of receiving stolen goods which is the crime committed by those who buy stolen products. In the absence of such notification, it is essential to investigate the possible participation of the former owner person or entitysince it is his obligation to cnotrolados the diversion to the authorities Civil Police and Federal Police.
This could help in the identification and tackling of the most frequent diversion channels, help to increase the amounts of seized weapons and disrupt gangs that operate in the weapons trafficking business. Surveys point to the decrease in the number of seized weapons in the illegal market, despite the fact that levels of police activity remain the same, seeming to contradict this thesis.
The significant increase in the use of firearm replicas observed by this research and confirmed by other sources also seems to show the fragility of controladis criticism towards the Disarmament Statute. Those who are interested in committing crimes anywhere in the world will seek all possible means to gain access to a weapon. The elaboration and adoption of measures that impose obstacles to such access is a State responsibility, once it has all the means to prevent it from happening.
The perception of many different public security officials working in the area of arms control was that after the Statute went into effect, the number of illegal arms apprehended actually decreased. Furthermore, the types of firearms captured by the police changed, in general the new era of apprehended guns fitting an older profile8. Therefore, checking the year of manufacture, i.
From tothe annual average of weapons seized in the capital was 13, Inthis number did not reach conttrolados, This is how weapons end up in the hands of criminals. Weapons are extremely durable goods. With simple maintenance and a low rate of shots, these artifacts controlavos last for decades, keeping their shooting ability intact. This is why gun control is such a challenging task in Brazil.
Among these Dontrolados weapons carrying serial numbers that allow the identification of the year of manufacture, it was possible to identify many weapons from the 80s and 90s and weapons that are over 50 years old.
We also found many other Brazilian brands like Ina, Caramuru and Castelo largely present within the sampleswhich ended their activities in the s, confirming the long lifecycle of weapons decrwto the impact that the uncontrolled entry of arms into circulation in Brazil brings to public safety today.
Based on these data, we can infer that Brazil still suffers the impact of the lack of weapons control that ruled the country before The above data further reinforces cnotrolados important it controlqdos for the State to keep an open channel with its citizens and encourage the conveying of weapons.
Old weapons acquired by deceased relatives, whose records are no longer regulated, follow two possible destinations: Beforewhen the Ministerial Decree 1, was published, there was no regulation in Brazil concerning the acquisition of weapons by civilians.
The decree, though simple was a major breakthrough towards establishing a requirement for the purchase of weapons by citizens, whose age limit was 21 years old. This decree had the disadvantage of leaving the registry responsibility to the States, making it impossible to organize a unified register for consultation by security agencies. Citizens could own up to 6 arms and acquire 50 units of ammunition per gun, per month. The first legal framework since the Brazilian democratic era was Law 9.
The carry permit for civilians became more restricted, and it started to be issued by the Federal Police with a limited validity period, only for applicants that met the requirements, including evidence of need, technical handling capabilities and a psychological permit requirements that were later incorporated in the current legislation.
Conttolados changed the way crimes were defined and sentenced, and it instituted new crimes such as discharging and international trafficking of weapons. Both the gun registry and the carrier permit accessible to civilians only in cases of proven need began to be issued by the Federal Police with a limited validity period, i. During this period, there was a rapid expansion of the private security industry, as well as a diffusion of weapons It is possible to observe how diverse the year of manufacture of these handguns is, making it clear that the seized revolvers are proportionally older, especially considering that Taurus only started producing pistols in the early 80s A larger number of weapons manufactured in the last decade ended up cotnrolados the hands of criminals.
Concerning these weapons manufactured in 36665 and diverted to crime, it is necessary to investigate how they came into circulation and the time of the last known record.
This trend was not followed by other crimes. Robbery, for example, is at very high levels in the capital, as well as in the state. If we add up the number of burglaries and vehicle thefts registered in and same period of this studywe will see that there are over thousand registered. Although there is no exact data on the percentage of robberies12 carried out with weapons, this type of crime committed with violence or serious threat is facilitated by weapons.
Instituto Sou da Paz, besides demanding clearer assessments on this criminal phenomenon, has also contributed with analysis and research on this type of crime, which certainly involves identifying the weapons that were used, which will be revealed in this section.
The total amount of examined artifacts seized during the robberies was 4, They fall into two main categories: Within the examined ones, only 10 handmade artifacts were involved in this type of crime.
The amount of firearm replicas seized during robberies is a fact that draws attention. It is important to analyze this, because it may indicate a decrease in the number of weapons in circulation, making it difficult to supply the illegal market. As known, weapons have a very long life cycle and, according to the data collected, a significant percentage of seized weapons were manufactured before the implementation of mechanisms that control the entry of weapons into circulation.
All this information reinforces the same point of view: Thus, the increasing use of firearm replicas in robberies may reveal a change in the pattern followed by this crime, noting that half of all examined firearm replicas were linked to it.