Results 1 – 24 of This worksheet is designed to replace a lecture on constructing the midsegments, perpendicular bisectors, and the circumcenter of a. Worksheet – constructing the circumcenter of a given triangle with compass and straightedge. Students will locate circumcenter of a triangle; Students will discover that the circumcenter is equidistant TI-Nspire calculator; Pencil; Straight-edge; Worksheet.
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Math Geometry all content Triangles Perpendicular bisectors. Circumcenter of a triangle. Circumcenter of a right triangle. Three points defining a circle. Area circumradius formula proof. Circumcenter, circumradius, and circumcircle for a triangle. Video transcript Let’s start off with segment AB.
Circumcenter of a Triangle (with videos, worksheets, games & activities)
So that’s point A. This is point B right over here. And let’s set up a perpendicular bisector of this segment. So it will be both perpendicular and it will split the segment in circumceenter. So thus we could call that line l. That’s going to be a perpendicular bisector, so it’s going to intersect at a degree angle, and it bisects it. This length and this length are equal, and let’s call this point right over here M, maybe M for midpoint.
What I want to prove first in this video is that if we pick an arbitrary point on this line that is a perpendicular bisector of AB, then that arbitrary point will be an equal distant from A, or that distance from that point to A will be the same as that distance from that point to B. So let me cigcumcenter an arbitrary point on this perpendicular bisector. So let’s call that arbitrary point C. And so you can imagine we like to draw a triangle, so let’s draw a triangle where we draw a line from C to A and owrksheet another one from C to B.
And essentially, if we can prove that CA is equal to Corcumcenter, then we’ve proven what we want to prove, that C is an equal distance from A as it is from B. Well, there’s a worksjeet of interesting worksheer we see here. Obviously, any segment is going to be equal to itself.
And we know if this is a right angle, this is also a right angle. This line is a perpendicular bisector of AB. And so we have two wroksheet triangles. And actually, we don’t even have to worry about that they’re right triangles.
Then you have an angle in between that corresponds to this angle over here, angle AMC corresponds to angle BMC, and they’re both 90 degrees, so they’re congruent. And then you have the side MC that’s on both triangles, and those are congruent. So we can just use SAS, side-angle-side congruency.
And so if they are congruent, then all of their corresponding sides are congruent and AC corresponds to BC. So these two things must be congruent. This length must be the same as this length right over there, and so we’ve proven what we want to prove. This arbitrary point C that sits on the perpendicular bisector of AB is equidistant from both A and B.
And I could have known that if I drew my C over here or here, I would have made the exact same argument, so any C circumfenter sits on this line. So that’s fair enough. So let circumcwnter just write it. So this means that AC is equal to BC. Now, let’s go the other way around. Let’s say that we wor,sheet some point that is equidistant from A and B. Let’s prove that it has to sit on the perpendicular bisector.
So let’s do this again. So I’ll draw it like this. So this is my A. This is my B, and let’s throw out some point. We’ll call it C again.
So let’s say that C right over here, and maybe I’ll draw a C right down here. So this is C, and we’re going to start with the assumption that C is equidistant from Circucenter and B.
So CA is going to be equal to CB. This is what we’re going to start off with. This is going to be our assumption, and what we want to prove is that C sits on the perpendicular bisector of AB.
So we’ve drawn a triangle here, and we’ve done this before. We can always drop an altitude from this side of the triangle right over here. So we can set up a line right over here. Let me draw it like this. So let’s just drop an altitude right over here. Although we’re really not dropping it. We’re kind of lifting an altitude in this case. But if you rotated this around so that the triangle looked like this, so this cjrcumcenter B, this is A, and that C was up here, you would really be dropping this altitude.
And so you can construct this line so it is at a right angle with AB, and let me call this the point at which it intersects M. So to prove that C lies on the perpendicular bisector, we really have to show that CM is a segment on the perpendicular bisector, and the way we’ve constructed it, it is already perpendicular. We really just have to show that it bisects AB. So what we have right over here, we have two right angles.
If this is a right angle here, this one clearly has to be the way we constructed it. It’s at a right angle. And then we know that the CM is going to wkrksheet equal to itself.
circumcentee And so this is a right angle. We have a leg, and we have a hypotenuse. We know by the RSH postulate, we have a right angle.
Circumcenter of a Triangle
We have one corresponding leg that’s congruent to the other corresponding leg on the other triangle. We have a hypotenuse that’s congruent to the other hypotenuse, so that means that our two triangles are congruent. Well, if they’re congruent, then their corresponding sides are going to be congruent. So that tells us that AM must be equal to BM because they’re their corresponding sides.
So this side right over here is going to be congruent to that side.
Worksheet – Construct the circumcenter of a triangle
So this really is bisecting AB. So this line MC really is on the perpendicular bisector. And the whole reason why we’re doing this is now we can do some interesting things with perpendicular bisectors and points that are equidistant from points and do them with triangles.
So just to review, we found, hey if any point sits on a perpendicular bisector of a segment, it’s equidistant from the endpoints of a segment, and we went the other way. If any point is equidistant from the endpoints of a segment, it sits on the perpendicular bisector of that segment.
So let’s apply those ideas to a triangle now. So let me draw myself an arbitrary triangle. I’ll try to draw it fairly large. So let’s say that’s a triangle of some kind. Let me give ourselves some labels to this triangle. That’s point A, point B, and point C. You could call this triangle ABC.
Now, let me just construct the perpendicular bisector of segment AB. So it’s going to bisect it. So this distance is going to be equal to this distance, and it’s going to be perpendicular. So it looks something like that. And it will be perpendicular. Actually, let me draw this a little different because of the way I’ve drawn this triangle, it’s making us get close to a special case, which we will actually talk about wor,sheet the next video. Let me draw owrksheet triangle a little bit differently.
This one might be a little bit better. And we’ll see what special case I was referring to. So this is circumcentdr to be A. This is going to be B. This is going to be C. Now, let me take this point right over here, which is the midpoint of A and B and draw the perpendicular bisector.